It is “convenient and necessary” for lawyers’ bills to be split into two parts to distinguish between work carried out before and after 1 April 2013 in any case involving proportionality, the Senior Costs Judge has ruled.
Master Gordon-Saker said this was because the old and new, post-Jackson proportionality tests were different.
Ruling on a fatal medical negligence claim, the Master also said it was “both necessary and convenient”, where a costs management order had been made, for bills to be drawn up “in parts which reflect the phases”.
He went on: “Although multi-part bills tend to obscure the overall picture, it seems to me that (unless a sensible alternative can be devised) in a case in which a budget has been approved or agreed and the costs are to be assessed on the standard basis, it will be both necessary and convenient to draw the bill in parts which correspond with the phases of the budget.
“Within each part it will also be necessary to distinguish between the costs incurred before and after the budget was agreed or approved. This could be done without further sub-division by use of italics, bold, superscript or some other formatting device.
“The new format of bill, which is shortly to be the subject of a pilot  in the Senior Courts Costs Office, should avoid these difficulties.
“Where a bill has already been drawn without being divided into phases, one possible course to avoid re-drawing the bill would be to serve schedules setting out the individual items of costs claimed in relation to each phase. I understand that a number of courts have directed this.”
Master Gordon-Saker was ruling in BP v Cardiff & Vale University Local Health Board  EWHC B13 (Costs) , involving a woman who died in 2010 from an infection linked to a severe brain injury which was sustained during a quadruple heart bypass operation.
The law firm Hugh James acted for her, and following her death, for her son, MP, suing as the administrator of her estate. Proceedings were issued in June 2013, seeking total damages of over £440,000.
Master Gordon-Saker said the claim was settled at a round-table meeting shortly before trial in January 2015, for £205,000. The settlement was approved by the court and the damages divided between four of the woman’s children.
The master said it was “difficult to identify” the work done before 1 April 2013, but assumed that the total base costs claimed were £45,000. He said this did not appear disproportionate, given that it was a “complex clinical negligence case in which both liability and causation were disputed throughout”.
For the period after 1 April 2013, the master allowed total base costs of £138,203. He said this bore a “reasonable relationship” to the sums in issue – a claim for £440,000, which settled at £205,000.
Master Gordon-Saker ruled that the claimant was entitled to his costs.